玩股撇步(動畫小學堂)  

  • 毛利率代表著產品的競爭優勢, 要和同一個產業做比較. 如果毛利率很低的話, 就要看公司的營收規模是否夠大
  • 毛利率從谷底回升, 或許就是開始反轉的訊號
  • 營益率代表著公司的經營效率
  • 在不大幅舉債的前提下, ROE可以看出公司的經營品質
  • 穩定或持續提升的毛利率和營益率十分重要, 要當心持續下滑的毛利率和營益率
  • 本業收入比高的公司, 才容易預估財測, 值得花心力去研究
  • 無形資產佔總資產比高的公司, 可能代表這家公司是透過併購來成長. 但如果佔比高的不合理, 則要當心
  • 併購後有沒有發揮1+1>2, 營益率是一個很好的觀察指標
  • 要檢視ROE上升或下滑的原因, 根據杜邦分析不外乎是利潤率, 營收, 財務槓桿的增減
  • 租賃業要觀察延滯率(在銀行稱為逾放比率)的變化. 如果越來越多客戶拖延還錢(延滯率上升), 就代表接下來放款的錢也會變少(放款率下降)
營業毛利率,營業利益率,稅前淨利率,股東權益報酬率-近20季
營業毛利率 QoQ YoY營業利益率 QoQ YoY稅前淨利率 QoQ YoY稅後淨利率 QoQ YoY股東權益報酬率 QoQ YoY資產報酬率 QoQ YoY總資產周轉率 QoQ YoYEBITDA利潤率 QoQ YoY財務槓桿 QoQ YoY本業收入比 QoQ YoY業外獲益比 QoQ YoY用人費用率 QoQ YoY
23Q3 (20)16.778.3342.725.73126.48611.614.3665.781017.953.97132.165062.51.14147.833900.00.5170.0240.00.100.0-23.0813.5586.9100.74207.1913.58-13.79130.4336.11145.65-31.52-856.52-108.176.66-9.630.0
23Q2 (19)15.486.5429.432.53277.61233.862.63121.01-64.121.7167.65-76.220.4639.39-84.770.3011.11-75.00.10-9.09-33.337.25-7.17-41.91182.4121.74-10.9295.8367.71476.944.17-90.28-96.77.37-9.127.59
23Q1 (18)14.5310.333.930.67-26.37-53.471.19-11.1935.231.02-11.3112.50.33-29.7965.00.270.022.730.11-8.33-31.257.8188.1937.74149.83-45.02-12.1757.14-14.29-65.2242.8646.94166.678.111.022.14
22Q4 (17)13.1712.09-8.350.91181.25-37.671.34243.59-25.141.151537.53.60.471666.67-14.550.2780.0-35.710.12-7.69-36.844.15-38.52-53.63272.5413.488.8466.67123.33-19.4429.17-92.4469.178.0320.5731.42
22Q3 (16)11.75-1.76-17.31-1.1240.74-173.20.39-94.68-92.25-0.08-101.11-101.67-0.03-100.99-101.20.15-87.5-85.440.13-13.33-27.786.75-45.91-30.63240.3417.3622.54-285.71-1023.81-1022.08385.71205.47447.716.66-2.772.3
22Q2 (15)11.96-14.45-16.31-1.89-231.25-9550.07.33732.95199.187.191397.92297.243.021410.0259.521.20445.45172.730.15-6.25-6.2512.48120.1162.29204.7820.0412.15-25.42-115.480126.27296.4230.636.853.16-12.4
22Q1 (14)13.98-2.71-17.131.44-1.37-50.520.88-50.84-78.850.48-56.76-85.710.20-63.64-88.640.22-47.62-71.430.16-15.79-11.115.67-36.65-36.29170.5918.2-13.29164.2998.51135.33-64.29-472.86-312.956.648.67-12.4
21Q4 (13)14.371.13-17.651.46-4.58-27.721.79-64.41-66.161.11-76.88-73.510.55-77.91-73.430.42-59.22-55.790.195.560.08.95-8.02-14.35144.32-26.42-20.3282.76167.08119.4917.24-75.52-72.326.11-6.14-24.1
21Q3 (12)14.21-0.56-11.571.537550.0-40.475.03105.3169.934.80165.1995.122.49196.4396.061.03134.0953.730.1812.5-18.189.7326.5328.87196.137.4135.5830.990-64.8870.42-27.15378.876.51-16.75-9.83
21Q2 (11)14.29-15.29-36.490.02-99.31-99.662.45-41.11-56.171.81-46.13-60.480.84-52.27-56.480.44-42.86-55.10.16-11.11-11.117.69-13.6-31.77182.60-7.1842.170.00-100.0-100.096.67220.211775.567.823.170
21Q1 (10)16.87-3.3225.612.9144.061222.734.16-21.361585.713.36-19.81900.01.76-14.98900.00.77-18.951440.00.18-5.26-21.748.90-14.83107.46196.738.6251.8269.8185.15169.8130.19-51.54-84.917.58-5.844.12
20Q4 (9)17.458.5929.452.02-21.443.265.2978.721553.124.1970.334755.562.0762.993550.00.9541.79691.670.19-13.64-26.9210.4538.41137.5181.1225.237.0637.70-57.27-92.0662.30323.61117.88.0511.531.11
20Q3 (8)16.07-28.5826.442.57-56.4490.372.96-47.05504.082.46-46.291194.741.27-34.21054.550.67-31.63235.00.2222.22-15.387.55-33.0175.58144.6612.635.9788.24-16.58-65.6914.71354.9109.367.22021.55
20Q2 (7)22.5067.5475.925.902581.82271.075.592096.43151.84.581190.48171.011.93977.2793.00.981860.068.970.18-21.74-35.7111.27162.797.72128.44-0.884.2105.77205.7746.06-5.77-102.88-120.910.00-100.0-100.0
20Q1 (6)13.43-0.37-11.470.22-84.4-93.37-0.28-187.5-110.53-0.42-366.67-120.69-0.22-266.67-119.640.05-58.33-93.060.23-11.54-17.864.29-2.5-27.04129.58-1.9423.15-100.00-121.05-180.0200.00157.14900.07.2818.5710.3
19Q4 (5)13.486.0616.111.414.4439.60.32-34.69-13.51-0.09-147.37-156.25-0.06-154.55-160.00.12-40.0-33.330.260.0-21.214.402.33118.91132.15-3.1948.25475.0084.7269.64-350.00-122.73-94.446.143.3716.95
19Q3 (4)12.71-0.630.01.35-15.090.00.49-77.930.00.19-88.760.00.11-89.00.00.20-65.520.00.26-7.140.04.30-24.560.0136.5110.750.0257.14255.10.0-157.14-669.640.05.941.540.0
19Q2 (3)12.79-15.690.01.59-52.110.02.22-16.540.01.69-16.750.01.00-10.710.00.58-19.440.00.280.00.05.70-3.060.0123.2617.150.072.41-42.070.027.59210.340.05.85-11.360.0
19Q1 (2)15.1730.660.03.32228.710.02.66618.920.02.031168.750.01.121020.00.00.72300.00.00.28-15.150.05.88192.540.0105.2218.040.0125.00-55.360.0-25.0086.110.06.6025.710.0
18Q4 (1)11.610.00.01.010.00.00.370.00.00.160.00.00.100.00.00.180.00.00.330.00.02.010.00.089.140.00.0280.000.00.0-180.000.00.05.250.00.0
營業毛利率,營業利益率,稅前淨利率,股東權益報酬率-近10年
營業毛利率 YoY營業利益率 YoY折舊負擔比率 YoY稅前淨利率 YoY稅後淨利率 YoY股東權益報酬率 YoY資產報酬率 YoY總資產周轉率 YoYEBITDA利潤率 YoY財務槓桿 YoY本業收入比 YoY業外獲益比 YoY無形資產佔總資產比 YoY用人費用率 YoY
2022 (10)12.70-14.71-0.1703.42-19.842.41-27.192.11-22.713.64-25.561.77-31.130.56-18.847.18-18.96272.5488.84-6.750106.7595.351.22-38.447.061.88
2021 (9)14.89-12.821.50-40.04.275.763.311.222.735.04.89-2.42.574.050.69-8.08.868.05144.32-20.3245.36-40.6354.64131.441.98209.06.93-11.72
2020 (8)17.0826.422.5032.284.0337.63.27135.252.60182.615.01129.822.4752.470.75-33.048.2062.38181.1237.0676.39-43.323.6100.64263.947.8528.27
2019 (7)13.516.971.89-3.572.93201.941.39-23.20.92-37.412.18-39.441.62-33.331.12-17.045.0545.11132.1548.25134.7224.26-34.7200.18-86.356.128.51
2018 (6)12.63-10.041.96-11.310.97-11.841.81-17.351.47-23.043.60-8.42.43-9.331.3515.383.48-15.1289.1418.66108.428.42-8.4201.2905.64-10.19
2017 (5)14.04-7.142.2143.511.104.812.1948.981.9117.93.9334.592.6830.11.1711.434.1014.8575.12-0.67100.00-5.36-1.0600.0006.28-2.03
2016 (4)15.1231.021.5401.05-1.31.4701.6202.9202.0601.05-11.023.57107.5675.6314.04105.66-71.82-5.6600.0006.414.06
2015 (3)11.5436.57-1.3201.0633.71-0.340-0.460-0.930-0.1401.18-27.161.72066.32-14.08375.00280.86-275.0000.0006.1622.95
2014 (2)8.45-3.1-1.6500.8020.81-1.680-1.670-4.980-2.3601.62-6.36-0.44077.19-15.3898.4601.54-99.320.0005.0115.44
2013 (1)8.7200.1200.663.9-0.100-0.160-0.5400.0501.73-3.890.89-25.8391.22-16.07-125.000225.00162.50.0004.341.64

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