玩股撇步(動畫小學堂)  

  • 毛利率代表著產品的競爭優勢, 要和同一個產業做比較. 如果毛利率很低的話, 就要看公司的營收規模是否夠大
  • 毛利率從谷底回升, 或許就是開始反轉的訊號
  • 營益率代表著公司的經營效率
  • 在不大幅舉債的前提下, ROE可以看出公司的經營品質
  • 穩定或持續提升的毛利率和營益率十分重要, 要當心持續下滑的毛利率和營益率
  • 本業收入比高的公司, 才容易預估財測, 值得花心力去研究
  • 無形資產佔總資產比高的公司, 可能代表這家公司是透過併購來成長. 但如果佔比高的不合理, 則要當心
  • 併購後有沒有發揮1+1>2, 營益率是一個很好的觀察指標
  • 要檢視ROE上升或下滑的原因, 根據杜邦分析不外乎是利潤率, 營收, 財務槓桿的增減
  • 租賃業要觀察延滯率(在銀行稱為逾放比率)的變化. 如果越來越多客戶拖延還錢(延滯率上升), 就代表接下來放款的錢也會變少(放款率下降)
營業毛利率,營業利益率,稅前淨利率,股東權益報酬率-近20季
營業毛利率 QoQ YoY營業利益率 QoQ YoY稅前淨利率 QoQ YoY稅後淨利率 QoQ YoY股東權益報酬率 QoQ YoY資產報酬率 QoQ YoY總資產周轉率 QoQ YoYEBITDA利潤率 QoQ YoY財務槓桿 QoQ YoY本業收入比 QoQ YoY業外獲益比 QoQ YoY用人費用率 QoQ YoY
23Q3 (20)13.1937.4-1.571.33189.86-65.634.7010.07-38.44.13-10.8-31.961.45-20.33-63.841.00-9.91-52.380.210.0-36.366.396.5-25.8755.90-28.08-43.3829.03181.82-42.5870.97-46.3443.559.7317.2334.39
23Q2 (19)9.60-21.31-43.06-1.48-164.35-121.764.27128.34-47.744.63173.96-22.181.82152.78-49.581.11113.46-40.320.21-4.55-30.06.0072.41-33.5577.72-19.83-24.64-35.48-127.6-142.88132.26717.2667.18.3016.255.2
23Q1 (18)12.2016.3-24.882.30-6.12-61.981.87684.38-74.81.69431.37-68.170.72400.0-75.590.525300.0-68.480.22-8.33-26.673.48270.21-57.396.9510.07-0.79128.57118.3755.53-21.43-102.68-214.87.1432.71-9.04
22Q4 (17)10.49-21.72-33.182.45-36.69-55.7-0.32-104.19-105.66-0.51-108.4-113.49-0.24-105.99-111.94-0.01-100.48-100.830.24-27.27-22.580.94-89.1-85.3188.08-10.7825.88-700.00-1484.44-825.93800.001518.1844700.05.38-25.69-21.46
22Q3 (16)13.40-20.52-9.213.87-43.09-25.297.63-6.6132.476.072.0263.614.0111.0897.542.1012.972.130.3310.06.458.62-4.5431.698.72-4.2840.8550.56-38.9-43.4949.44186.74369.667.24-8.244.93
22Q2 (15)16.863.828.776.8012.425.238.1710.1111.165.9512.056.633.6122.3716.451.8612.733.330.300.0-6.259.0310.812.59103.135.5432.2782.760.1113.017.24-7.64-31.997.890.513.27
22Q1 (14)16.243.4426.876.059.470.427.4231.33110.85.3140.48105.812.9546.77110.711.6536.3689.660.30-3.23-6.258.1527.3490.4297.7239.6631.7782.67-14.27-17.3318.67945.3307.8514.615.1
21Q4 (13)15.706.378.355.536.7619.445.65-1.9128.73.781.8929.012.01-0.9938.621.21-0.8227.370.310.00.06.40-2.2920.369.97-0.1711.8896.437.77-8.781.79-83.04131.256.85-0.72-1.01
21Q3 (12)14.76-4.7752.015.18-4.61133.335.76-21.63145.113.71-33.51114.452.03-34.52125.561.22-32.2290.620.31-3.13-8.826.55-18.3396.1170.09-10.1114.9889.4722.17466.6710.53-58.48-87.56.90-9.6910.58
21Q2 (11)15.5021.0931.695.4352.96190.377.35108.81142.575.58116.28112.983.10121.43169.571.80106.9125.00.320.06.678.0287.38100.577.975.1472.3973.24-26.7612.6825.350-36.627.6412.020
21Q1 (10)12.80-11.667.653.55-23.3398.323.52-19.8257.142.58-11.9567.531.40-3.45105.880.87-8.4270.590.323.233.234.28-19.5535.8774.1618.5851.47100.00-5.4123.080.00100.0-100.06.82-1.450
20Q4 (9)14.4949.2324.164.631002.3839.884.3986.8191.72.9369.36179.051.4561.11158.930.9548.44126.190.31-8.82-18.425.3259.2869.9762.542.5964.75105.71569.52-27.09-5.71-106.7987.36.9210.9-2.67
20Q3 (8)9.71-17.5-29.020.42-77.54-89.552.35-22.44-43.911.73-33.97-42.520.90-21.74-43.040.64-20.0-41.820.3413.33-2.863.34-16.5-33.7360.9634.7830.0915.79-75.71-83.2584.21110.532847.376.240-12.24
20Q2 (7)11.77-1.01-0.081.874.4739.553.0335.27-7.92.6270.13-1.51.1569.12-16.060.8056.86-20.00.30-3.23-16.674.0026.98-4.9945.23-7.62-8.0965.00-20.059.5540.00113.33-32.50.000-100.0
20Q1 (6)11.891.89-13.781.79-45.92-49.582.24-2.18-43.861.5446.67-46.150.6821.43-47.690.5121.43-44.570.31-18.42-3.133.150.64-36.2348.9628.9827.0781.25-43.97-9.7218.75141.6787.50.00-100.0-100.0
19Q4 (5)11.67-14.69-12.323.31-17.66-14.912.29-45.35-50.541.05-65.12-70.340.56-64.56-70.980.42-61.82-67.440.388.578.573.13-37.9-37.937.96-18.99-25.13145.0053.7970.59-45.00-1675.0-400.07.110.0-20.38
19Q3 (4)13.6816.130.04.02200.00.04.1927.360.03.0113.160.01.5815.330.01.1010.00.00.35-2.780.05.0419.710.046.86-4.780.094.29131.430.02.86-95.180.07.110.710.0
19Q2 (3)11.78-14.580.01.34-62.250.03.29-17.540.02.66-6.990.01.375.380.01.008.70.00.3612.50.04.21-14.780.049.2127.720.040.74-54.730.059.26492.590.07.06-0.280.0
19Q1 (2)13.793.610.03.55-8.740.03.99-13.820.02.86-19.210.01.30-32.640.00.92-28.680.00.32-8.570.04.94-1.980.038.53-24.00.090.005.880.010.00-33.330.07.08-20.720.0
18Q4 (1)13.310.00.03.890.00.04.630.00.03.540.00.01.930.00.01.290.00.00.350.00.05.040.00.050.700.00.085.000.00.015.000.00.08.930.00.0
營業毛利率,營業利益率,稅前淨利率,股東權益報酬率-近10年
營業毛利率 YoY營業利益率 YoY折舊負擔比率 YoY稅前淨利率 YoY稅後淨利率 YoY股東權益報酬率 YoY資產報酬率 YoY總資產周轉率 YoYEBITDA利潤率 YoY財務槓桿 YoY本業收入比 YoY業外獲益比 YoY無形資產佔總資產比 YoY用人費用率 YoY
2022 (10)14.40-2.244.88-1.410.59-2.446.078.24.4813.719.9315.25.8910.31.24-6.067.0210.0388.0825.8880.24-8.7219.7669.920.03-7.67.171.7
2021 (9)14.7323.164.95126.030.60-18.755.6185.763.9479.098.62112.845.3486.711.328.26.3860.7169.9711.8887.9121.7211.63-58.140.03-58.357.052.17
2020 (8)11.96-5.752.19-27.960.741.073.02-11.72.20-7.174.05-15.622.86-16.861.22-12.863.97-7.6762.5464.7572.22-19.1127.78159.260.08-43.936.90-2.68
2019 (7)12.69-15.233.04-33.770.73284.083.42-37.72.37-41.044.80-49.693.44-44.251.40-6.674.30-26.2437.96-25.1389.296.8210.71-34.740.1310.127.09-7.44
2018 (6)14.9712.564.594.790.19-0.655.4946.44.0245.139.5420.36.1734.131.50-7.415.8344.6750.70-25.183.58-28.7516.4200.1207.6627.67
2017 (5)13.3012.94.3828.450.192.053.7511.282.778.637.93-6.924.60-7.441.62-15.624.0312.2667.69-19.87117.3115.87-16.6700.0006.0013.42
2016 (4)11.78-9.383.415.90.19-18.753.37-16.792.55-17.748.52-9.844.97-16.611.920.03.59-16.7184.4836.39101.2427.46-1.2400.0005.29-14.12
2015 (3)13.00-8.523.22-30.30.23-0.024.05-30.653.10-31.429.45-33.875.96-32.271.92-1.034.31-29.2361.9410.4579.430.0820.57-2.190.0006.16-3.45
2014 (2)14.214.564.62-7.970.2312.535.840.694.523.214.29-16.638.80-8.91.94-11.426.090.6656.08-19.3879.37-8.2721.0356.080.0006.3814.13
2013 (1)13.5905.0200.211.985.8004.38017.1409.6602.19-3.956.0581.6869.56-21.586.52-16.2313.4800.0005.592440.91

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