玩股撇步(動畫小學堂)  

  • 毛利率代表著產品的競爭優勢, 要和同一個產業做比較. 如果毛利率很低的話, 就要看公司的營收規模是否夠大
  • 毛利率從谷底回升, 或許就是開始反轉的訊號
  • 營益率代表著公司的經營效率
  • 在不大幅舉債的前提下, ROE可以看出公司的經營品質
  • 穩定或持續提升的毛利率和營益率十分重要, 要當心持續下滑的毛利率和營益率
  • 本業收入比高的公司, 才容易預估財測, 值得花心力去研究
  • 無形資產佔總資產比高的公司, 可能代表這家公司是透過併購來成長. 但如果佔比高的不合理, 則要當心
  • 併購後有沒有發揮1+1>2, 營益率是一個很好的觀察指標
  • 要檢視ROE上升或下滑的原因, 根據杜邦分析不外乎是利潤率, 營收, 財務槓桿的增減
  • 租賃業要觀察延滯率(在銀行稱為逾放比率)的變化. 如果越來越多客戶拖延還錢(延滯率上升), 就代表接下來放款的錢也會變少(放款率下降)
營業毛利率,營業利益率,稅前淨利率,股東權益報酬率-近20季
營業毛利率 QoQ YoY營業利益率 QoQ YoY稅前淨利率 QoQ YoY稅後淨利率 QoQ YoY股東權益報酬率 QoQ YoY資產報酬率 QoQ YoY總資產周轉率 QoQ YoYEBITDA利潤率 QoQ YoY財務槓桿 QoQ YoY本業收入比 QoQ YoY業外獲益比 QoQ YoY用人費用率 QoQ YoY
23Q3 (20)13.4811.045.975.1230.6112.046.1134.888.724.8336.064.095.8937.62-13.892.2737.580.00.432.38-8.518.4723.1111.74171.13-11.29-25.6383.86-3.133.0116.1420.18-13.1611.64-3.320.61
23Q2 (19)12.149.37-3.193.9219.8829.84.5358.9533.243.5555.728.164.2856.7833.751.6555.6639.830.427.695.06.8830.0618.62192.913.73-4.1386.57-24.65-2.6513.43190.2619.6712.04-0.25-9.81
23Q1 (18)11.10-11.555.923.27-19.06165.852.85-32.354.892.28-35.5947.12.73-48.356.01.06-40.1153.620.39-15.22-7.145.29-15.3626.56185.98-16.847.09114.8819.6772.56-14.88-472.04-144.5212.078.45-10.46
22Q4 (17)12.55-1.3423.284.04-11.6296.084.21-25.09101.443.54-23.71103.455.28-22.81166.671.77-22.03118.520.46-2.134.556.25-17.5546.71223.63-2.8138.2996.0017.9296.434.00-78.48-92.1811.13-3.8-14.71
22Q3 (16)12.721.4414.494.5751.32215.175.6265.29133.24.6467.51140.416.84113.75236.952.2792.37170.240.4717.511.97.5830.6959.58230.1014.3650.0881.41-8.4535.0418.5965.63-53.1911.57-13.33-12.41
22Q2 (15)12.5419.6613.073.02145.53184.913.4084.7874.362.7778.7147.343.2082.8683.911.1871.0155.260.40-4.762.565.8038.7628.04201.2115.8636.5588.9233.5763.2911.22-66.42-75.3513.35-0.96-1.69
22Q1 (14)10.482.95-3.761.2320.59-29.711.84-11.96-3.161.55-10.92-13.411.75-11.628.70.69-14.81-6.760.42-4.555.04.18-1.88-7.93173.677.439.366.5736.22-27.7333.43-34.62324.3713.483.3-1.03
21Q4 (13)10.18-8.37-3.781.02-29.66-46.322.09-13.28-10.681.74-9.84-12.561.98-2.46-3.880.81-3.57-11.960.444.76-2.224.26-10.32-9.36161.715.4728.3248.87-18.93-40.1851.1328.74175.6813.05-1.219.39
21Q3 (12)11.110.18-0.271.4536.79-53.822.4123.59-28.061.932.66-30.322.0316.67-30.950.8410.53-36.360.427.69-8.74.754.86-18.1153.324.0515.4560.2910.71-35.6739.71-12.8532.113.21-2.7215.57
21Q2 (11)11.091.84-5.211.06-39.43-57.091.952.63-40.181.885.03-29.321.748.07-30.40.762.7-34.480.39-2.5-7.144.53-0.22-24.75147.3518.1916.7354.46-40.89-28.1745.54478.2286.7313.58-0.290
21Q1 (10)10.892.93-1.091.75-7.89-1.131.90-18.8-3.061.79-10.05-4.791.61-21.843.870.74-19.57-3.90.40-11.115.264.54-3.4-9.38124.67-1.075.2692.1212.751.457.88-57.53-14.3413.6214.17-4.76
20Q4 (9)10.58-5.03-3.731.90-39.49-8.212.34-30.156.361.99-28.1615.72.06-29.9319.770.92-30.39.520.45-2.17-2.174.70-18.970.21126.02-5.1111.4981.70-12.82-13.1318.55195.2211.7611.934.3710.16
20Q3 (8)11.14-4.79-3.973.1427.13-2.483.352.76-17.492.774.14-12.062.9417.6-17.651.3213.79-19.020.469.52-8.05.80-3.65-6.0132.805.27.3393.7223.6218.176.28-74.24-69.6411.430-1.21
20Q2 (7)11.706.27-1.522.4739.55-7.843.2666.33-1.512.6641.494.312.5061.295.931.1650.650.00.4210.53-2.336.0220.161.01126.236.58-1.675.81-16.51-6.4324.39165.2428.510.00-100.0-100.0
20Q1 (6)11.010.18-0.541.77-14.49-18.061.96-10.91-16.61.889.32.731.55-9.880.00.77-8.33-6.10.38-17.39-7.325.016.82-2.72118.444.7915.1690.80-3.45-1.199.2054.5718.0714.3032.0414.77
19Q4 (5)10.99-5.26-9.842.07-35.71-40.172.20-45.81-45.411.72-45.4-50.571.72-51.82-53.640.84-48.47-51.450.46-8.0-4.174.69-23.99-23.62113.03-8.653.4694.0518.599.335.95-71.25-57.4310.83-6.4-2.08
19Q3 (4)11.60-2.360.03.2220.150.04.0622.660.03.1523.530.03.5751.270.01.6340.520.00.5016.280.06.173.520.0123.73-3.550.079.31-2.120.020.699.040.011.57-8.680.0
19Q2 (3)11.887.320.02.6824.070.03.3140.850.02.5539.340.02.3652.260.01.1641.460.00.434.880.05.9615.730.0128.2824.730.081.02-11.840.018.98143.70.012.671.690.0
19Q1 (2)11.07-9.190.02.16-37.570.02.35-41.690.01.83-47.410.01.55-58.220.00.82-52.60.00.41-14.580.05.15-16.120.0102.85-5.860.091.906.830.07.79-44.270.012.4612.660.0
18Q4 (1)12.190.00.03.460.00.04.030.00.03.480.00.03.710.00.01.730.00.00.480.00.06.140.00.0109.250.00.086.020.00.013.980.00.011.060.00.0
營業毛利率,營業利益率,稅前淨利率,股東權益報酬率-近10年
營業毛利率 YoY營業利益率 YoY折舊負擔比率 YoY稅前淨利率 YoY稅後淨利率 YoY股東權益報酬率 YoY資產報酬率 YoY總資產周轉率 YoYEBITDA利潤率 YoY財務槓桿 YoY本業收入比 YoY業外獲益比 YoY無形資產佔總資產比 YoY用人費用率 YoY
2022 (10)12.1712.793.40159.541.76-17.83.9588.13.2879.2316.71129.226.0493.591.736.136.1035.25223.6338.2986.1238.0213.88-63.080.29-20.2112.20-8.55
2021 (9)10.79-2.711.31-44.262.14-8.532.10-23.641.83-21.797.29-18.093.12-25.711.63-5.784.51-16.33161.7128.3262.39-26.8437.61156.550.3625.1613.344.87
2020 (8)11.09-2.632.35-8.22.3416.422.75-9.242.34-0.438.90-2.524.20-7.891.73-5.985.39-2.18126.0211.4985.280.7414.66-4.110.29-47.6512.727.43
2019 (7)11.39-10.242.56-28.892.011.953.03-23.682.35-31.699.13-28.844.56-27.851.843.375.51-11.98113.033.4684.66-6.5215.2962.040.55-18.7411.84-0.92
2018 (6)12.69-5.33.60-20.01.97-3.733.97-16.073.44-5.2312.83-14.866.32-11.361.78-6.816.26-10.7109.25-1.190.57-4.849.4396.80.68011.957.56
2017 (5)13.40-3.324.50-11.242.05-15.564.73-5.023.63-6.215.07-5.697.13-1.381.914.377.01-7.88110.47-12.3895.17-6.54.7900.00011.11-1.86
2016 (4)13.864.375.0712.672.4314.744.981.843.872.3815.98-4.317.23-6.351.83-9.417.616.14126.081.04101.7910.54-1.7900.00011.320.98
2015 (3)13.28-1.194.506.132.11-7.454.8910.883.7810.8516.7032.027.7225.532.0215.437.172.28124.7811.3292.08-4.17.9295.840.00011.21-4.84
2014 (2)13.44-5.084.24-12.762.28-7.814.41-17.573.41-17.6312.65-16.836.15-15.751.752.947.01-14.72112.090.496.015.544.04-55.210.00011.783.88
2013 (1)14.1604.8602.4805.3504.14015.2107.3001.7008.220111.64090.9709.0300.00011.340

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