玩股撇步(動畫小學堂)  

  • 毛利率代表著產品的競爭優勢, 要和同一個產業做比較. 如果毛利率很低的話, 就要看公司的營收規模是否夠大
  • 毛利率從谷底回升, 或許就是開始反轉的訊號
  • 營益率代表著公司的經營效率
  • 在不大幅舉債的前提下, ROE可以看出公司的經營品質
  • 穩定或持續提升的毛利率和營益率十分重要, 要當心持續下滑的毛利率和營益率
  • 本業收入比高的公司, 才容易預估財測, 值得花心力去研究
  • 無形資產佔總資產比高的公司, 可能代表這家公司是透過併購來成長. 但如果佔比高的不合理, 則要當心
  • 併購後有沒有發揮1+1>2, 營益率是一個很好的觀察指標
  • 要檢視ROE上升或下滑的原因, 根據杜邦分析不外乎是利潤率, 營收, 財務槓桿的增減
  • 租賃業要觀察延滯率(在銀行稱為逾放比率)的變化. 如果越來越多客戶拖延還錢(延滯率上升), 就代表接下來放款的錢也會變少(放款率下降)
營業毛利率,營業利益率,稅前淨利率,股東權益報酬率-近20季
營業毛利率 QoQ YoY營業利益率 QoQ YoY稅前淨利率 QoQ YoY稅後淨利率 QoQ YoY股東權益報酬率 QoQ YoY資產報酬率 QoQ YoY總資產周轉率 QoQ YoYEBITDA利潤率 QoQ YoY財務槓桿 QoQ YoY本業收入比 QoQ YoY業外獲益比 QoQ YoY用人費用率 QoQ YoY
23Q3 (20)-2.4313.83-112.55-18.374.77-393.92-17.2432.89-430.27-13.7529.99-408.3-1.5428.04-308.11-0.5235.0-189.660.060.0-25.010.80209.46-52.9898.472.567.36106.7242.53-11.3-6.72-127.2866.9324.97-4.5134.61
23Q2 (19)-2.82-130.79-112.66-19.29-287.35-292.32-25.69-394.04-2954.44-19.64-481.07-39380.0-2.14-397.67-21500.0-0.80-4100.0-521.050.06-14.29-33.333.49-81.49-80.8796.013.41-6.474.87-21.94-93.0924.62503.27102.526.1511.4244.32
23Q1 (18)9.16-12.51-50.03-4.98-24.5-197.27-5.2047.74-171.92-3.3858.06-165.38-0.4360.55-155.840.02105.88-96.360.070.0-12.518.8555.27-30.3792.843.02-1.8395.92136.2934.624.08-93.13-85.823.4711.719.72
22Q4 (17)10.47-45.92-66.38-4.00-164.0-125.08-9.95-290.61-156.76-8.06-280.72-159.84-1.09-247.3-146.98-0.34-158.62-125.560.07-12.5-22.2212.14-47.15-65.890.12-1.74-7.8740.59-66.26-55.3759.41392.46556.4421.0113.26-7.36
22Q3 (16)19.36-13.07-42.166.25-37.69-71.165.22480.0-74.354.468820.0-75.550.747300.0-79.780.58205.26-70.10.08-11.11-20.022.9725.93-35.0991.72-10.59-10.2120.31-88.8912.82-20.3197.93-205.7618.552.370.22
22Q2 (15)22.2721.49-16.8710.0395.9-25.70.90-87.55-92.530.05-99.03-99.590.01-98.7-99.60.19-65.45-85.930.0912.5-10.018.24-32.62-38.91102.588.47-8.461083.331420.47866.85-983.33-3520.29-8061.6718.12-15.290.33
22Q1 (14)18.33-41.1422.615.12-67.9422.457.23-58.761266.135.17-61.62913.730.77-66.81755.560.55-58.65139.130.08-11.110.027.07-23.7544.694.57-3.32-17.571.25-21.66141.5628.75217.69-89.4121.39-5.6925.68
21Q4 (13)31.14-6.961998.7815.95-26.4201.2717.53-13.86283.7513.47-26.15355.112.32-36.61390.01.33-31.44838.890.09-10.028.5735.500.31143.1597.82-4.23-17.3390.95-14.72-44.869.05236.22113.9322.6822.5321.02
21Q3 (12)33.4724.93562.9321.6760.52186.7120.3568.88202.4218.2449.26313.833.6646.99502.21.9443.7981.820.100.0100.035.3918.52179.98102.14-8.85-14.21106.64-4.82-14.92-6.6444.8673.818.512.49-29.46
21Q2 (11)26.7979.2447.0213.501277.55155.0812.052043.55143.6912.222296.08144.652.492666.67180.581.35486.96212.50.1025.0100.029.8659.51677.6112.06-2.24-8.01112.05165.3626.58-12.05-104.44-209.4818.066.110
21Q1 (10)14.951011.59388.560.98106.22109.81-0.6293.596.290.51109.66103.060.09111.25103.880.23227.78127.710.0814.2933.3318.7228.22133.13114.63-3.12-5.01-171.43-203.93-388.15271.43517.91570.0917.02-9.180
20Q4 (9)-1.6477.32-117.08-15.7536.97-220.12-9.5451.99-85.24-5.2838.1-10.0-0.8012.09-19.4-0.1818.18-125.00.0740.016.6714.6015.51-23.8118.32-0.62-1.67164.9531.5971.82-64.95-156.19-1723.7118.74-28.58-16.45
20Q3 (8)-7.236.35-145.96-24.99-1.96-1536.21-19.8727.96-160.42-8.5368.83-4.02-0.9170.5530.53-0.2281.6745.00.050.0-37.512.64229.17-2.39119.06-2.272.88125.3541.61645.28-25.35-330.37-120.8126.24023.77
20Q2 (7)-7.72-352.29-145.76-24.51-145.35-556.42-27.58-65.05-137800.0-27.37-63.99-1395.63-3.09-33.19-896.77-1.20-44.58-1814.290.05-16.67-37.53.84-52.18-80.24121.820.9511.7588.5248.78011.00-72.8300.000-100.0
20Q1 (6)3.06-68.12-86.8-9.99-103.05-226.94-16.71-224.47-335.02-16.69-247.71-405.68-2.32-246.27-372.94-0.83-937.5-227.690.060.0-25.08.03-58.09-70.55120.670.2818.4859.49-38.03-46.4640.51912.66464.560.00-100.0-100.0
19Q4 (5)9.60-38.97-59.95-4.92-382.76-141.17-5.1532.5-210.75-4.8041.46-320.18-0.6748.85-281.08-0.0880.0-119.510.06-25.0-33.3319.1647.95-15.45120.333.9724.5196.00517.6-62.744.00-96.72102.5422.435.86.3
19Q3 (4)15.73-6.760.01.74-67.60.0-7.63-38050.00.0-8.20-348.090.0-1.31-322.580.0-0.40-671.430.00.080.00.012.95-33.350.0115.736.160.0-22.9900.0121.8400.021.205.790.0
19Q2 (3)16.87-27.220.05.37-31.770.0-0.02-100.280.0-1.83-133.520.0-0.31-136.470.00.07-89.230.00.080.00.019.43-28.750.0109.017.030.00.00-100.00.00.00100.00.020.04-15.190.0
19Q1 (2)23.18-3.30.07.87-34.140.07.1152.90.05.46150.460.00.85129.730.00.6558.540.00.08-11.110.027.2720.340.0101.855.390.0111.11-56.870.0-11.1192.950.023.6311.990.0
18Q4 (1)23.970.00.011.950.00.04.650.00.02.180.00.00.370.00.00.410.00.00.090.00.022.660.00.096.640.00.0257.630.00.0-157.630.00.021.100.00.0
營業毛利率,營業利益率,稅前淨利率,股東權益報酬率-近10年
營業毛利率 YoY營業利益率 YoY折舊負擔比率 YoY稅前淨利率 YoY稅後淨利率 YoY股東權益報酬率 YoY資產報酬率 YoY總資產周轉率 YoYEBITDA利潤率 YoY財務槓桿 YoY本業收入比 YoY業外獲益比 YoY無形資產佔總資產比 YoY用人費用率 YoY
2022 (10)17.99-33.124.80-64.1816.047.261.19-90.620.68-94.060.42-95.091.00-79.30.32-11.1120.28-32.7190.12-7.87398.21276.72-300.0000.00019.643.1
2021 (9)26.90013.40014.95-35.6812.68011.4408.5504.8300.3656.5230.14201.197.82-17.33105.713.48-5.7100.00019.05-19.69
2020 (8)-2.850-18.01023.2534.92-17.650-13.980-7.040-2.4100.23-23.3310.01-49.32118.32-1.67102.150-2.1500.00023.728.96
2019 (7)16.61-39.022.85-79.6917.2325.8-1.240-2.230-1.3900.22-93.840.30-16.6719.75-26.91120.3324.51-228.570326.7900.00021.7713.74
2018 (6)27.240.0714.03-4.4313.705.4611.16-7.628.09-19.985.50-18.523.57-17.550.36-2.727.020.6396.6424.52125.713.45-25.7100.00019.1414.47
2017 (5)27.2212.8514.6817.9112.99-1.5512.089.3210.1111.346.755.474.332.360.37-5.1326.852.3277.61-2.3121.517.88-21.5100.00016.727.73
2016 (4)24.12-0.3312.4514.1213.19-2.1911.058.339.083.776.40-0.164.230.00.39-2.526.240.9279.441.82112.645.33-12.6400.00015.520.91
2015 (3)24.2059.5310.91267.3413.49-0.8910.20598.638.75654.316.41663.14.23241.130.408.1126.0046.478.02-13.49106.94-47.31-6.9400.00015.387.4
2014 (2)15.1713.552.9782.2113.61-16.261.46204.171.1665.710.8471.431.24-0.80.3723.3317.76-15.3190.19-10.75202.94-39.42-102.9400.00014.32-2.25
2013 (1)13.3601.63016.256.440.4800.7000.4901.2500.30-3.2320.97-15.1101.05-41.98335.00139.29-235.0000.00014.655.17

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