玩股撇步(動畫小學堂)  

  • 毛利率代表著產品的競爭優勢, 要和同一個產業做比較. 如果毛利率很低的話, 就要看公司的營收規模是否夠大
  • 毛利率從谷底回升, 或許就是開始反轉的訊號
  • 營益率代表著公司的經營效率
  • 在不大幅舉債的前提下, ROE可以看出公司的經營品質
  • 穩定或持續提升的毛利率和營益率十分重要, 要當心持續下滑的毛利率和營益率
  • 本業收入比高的公司, 才容易預估財測, 值得花心力去研究
  • 無形資產佔總資產比高的公司, 可能代表這家公司是透過併購來成長. 但如果佔比高的不合理, 則要當心
  • 併購後有沒有發揮1+1>2, 營益率是一個很好的觀察指標
  • 要檢視ROE上升或下滑的原因, 根據杜邦分析不外乎是利潤率, 營收, 財務槓桿的增減
  • 租賃業要觀察延滯率(在銀行稱為逾放比率)的變化. 如果越來越多客戶拖延還錢(延滯率上升), 就代表接下來放款的錢也會變少(放款率下降)
營業毛利率,營業利益率,稅前淨利率,股東權益報酬率-近20季
營業毛利率 QoQ YoY營業利益率 QoQ YoY稅前淨利率 QoQ YoY稅後淨利率 QoQ YoY股東權益報酬率 QoQ YoY資產報酬率 QoQ YoY總資產周轉率 QoQ YoYEBITDA利潤率 QoQ YoY財務槓桿 QoQ YoY本業收入比 QoQ YoY業外獲益比 QoQ YoY用人費用率 QoQ YoY
23Q3 (20)2.15-69.8-65.65-25.56-4.2-197.914.861011.66476.214.841004.88472.861.56966.67285.711.291942.86439.470.080.0-42.8615.380027.13-3.35-54.65-150.000-175.0250.000350.016.67-15.1778.1
23Q2 (19)7.12-39.04-14.01-24.531.45-53.31-1.6394.3389.09-1.6494.388.95-0.1893.6890.58-0.0796.2893.580.0814.290.00.00100.0100.028.07-4.17-45.90.00-100.0-100.00.000019.65-16.7710.83
23Q1 (18)11.68-1.35194.95-24.89-145.7110.31-28.73-80.585.18-28.77-84.425.05-2.85-21.287.77-1.88-37.23-5.030.07-30.016.67-25.00-137.42-16.6629.29-46.04-47.4475.0012.5-25.0-0.00-100.0023.6173.356.54
22Q4 (17)11.8489.145.06-10.13-18.0770.5-15.91-302.7857.7-15.60-291.9658.15-2.35-179.7610.65-1.37-260.539.870.10-28.57150.0-10.53064.954.28-9.26-10.0766.67-66.67-11.1133.33133.33013.6245.51-57.32
22Q3 (16)6.26-24.4-80.5-8.5846.3880.08-3.9573.56-102.28-3.9873.18-102.3-0.8456.02-115.44-0.3865.14-110.640.1475.0600.00.00100.0-100.059.8215.288.74200.00100.0800.0-100.000-177.789.36-47.21-87.17
22Q2 (15)8.28109.09-57.03-16.0042.3469.73-14.9450.6974.13-14.8451.0274.1-1.9138.1927.38-1.0939.1127.810.0833.33166.67-11.7645.1276.4851.89-6.89-16.94100.000.033.33-0.000017.73-19.99-65.1
22Q1 (14)3.96-64.86-83.38-27.7519.1972.0-30.3019.4471.44-30.3018.7271.54-3.09-17.49-3.0-1.79-17.760.00.0650.0200.0-21.4328.5778.5755.73-7.67-4.78100.0033.330.0-0.000022.16-30.55-73.35
21Q4 (13)11.27-64.9-51.82-34.3420.2999.02-37.61-121.6899.06-37.28-121.5299.07-2.63-148.3597.56-1.52-142.5896.870.04100.0300.0-30.00-115.099.3160.369.738.7875.00362.5-14.66-0.00-100.0-100.031.91-56.26-67.82
21Q3 (12)32.1166.6325.82-43.0818.4962.33173.46400.31217.49173.25402.36216.975.44306.84202.453.57336.42356.830.02-33.33100.0200.00500.0300.055.01-11.94-73.67-28.57-138.1-142.86128.570671.4372.9543.6-21.86
21Q2 (11)19.27-19.1-17.33-52.8546.6769.71-57.7645.5672.9-57.3046.1873.06-2.6312.3355.04-1.5115.649.040.0350.0200.0-50.0050.070.062.476.73-67.6275.00-25.05.0-0.000-100.050.80-38.910
21Q1 (10)23.821.84-20.07-99.1097.1822.88-106.0997.3475.36-106.4797.3473.09-3.0097.2173.47-1.7996.3129.250.02100.0100.0-100.0097.7169.2358.535.48-67.81100.0013.79200.0-0.00-100.0-100.083.16-16.13-27.15
20Q4 (9)23.39-8.35600.3-3508.32-2967.52-1002477.14-3988.17-2601.28-676061.02-3996.70-2598.47-3996800.0-107.62-1926.74-49018.18-48.51-3389.93-7679.690.010.0-97.44-4366.67-4266.67-173380.5655.49-73.44-85.3187.8831.8275.7612.12-27.27-75.7699.156.25010.82
20Q3 (8)25.529.48633.33-114.3734.44-6525.28-147.6430.73-21497.1-148.1130.35-20114.86-5.319.23-257.57-1.3916.27-219.830.010.0-98.65-100.0040.0-5447.59208.898.27-58.8666.67-6.67-73.3316.6716.67111.1193.36010883.53
20Q2 (7)23.31-21.78600.0-174.46-35.77-10803.07-213.1450.49-25473.81-212.6646.24-28837.84-5.8548.28-286.9-1.6634.39-246.90.010.0-98.51-166.6748.72-8074.64192.936.1-63.9871.43114.29-68.2514.29-80.52114.290.00-100.0-100.0
20Q1 (6)29.80792.22741.81-128.50-36814.29-9548.53-430.53-73071.19-148558.62-395.60-395700.0-123725.0-11.31-5240.91-931.62-2.53-495.31-401.190.01-97.44-98.48-325.00-12996.83-20933.33181.84-51.85-66.2833.33-33.33-95.2473.3346.67114.67114.155784.027409.87
19Q4 (5)3.34-4.02-2.910.35-80.34-80.980.59-14.49-29.760.10-86.49-89.250.22-93.47-95.030.64-44.83-50.770.39-47.3-48.02.5234.7629.23377.64-25.62-30.650.00-80.0-75.050.00133.33141.671.94128.24130.95
19Q3 (4)3.484.50.01.789.20.00.69-17.860.00.740.00.03.377.670.01.162.650.00.7410.450.01.87-10.530.0507.75-5.20.0250.0011.110.0-150.00-50.00.00.851.190.0
19Q2 (3)3.33-5.930.01.6319.850.00.84189.660.00.74131.250.03.13130.150.01.1334.520.00.671.520.02.0933.970.0535.62-0.690.0225.00-67.860.0-100.0080.00.00.84-44.740.0
19Q1 (2)3.542.910.01.36-26.090.00.29-65.480.00.32-65.590.01.36-69.30.00.84-35.380.00.66-12.00.01.56-20.00.0539.33-0.880.0700.00250.00.0-500.00-316.670.01.5280.950.0
18Q4 (1)3.440.00.01.840.00.00.840.00.00.930.00.04.430.00.01.300.00.00.750.00.01.950.00.0544.140.00.0200.000.00.0-120.000.00.00.840.00.0
營業毛利率,營業利益率,稅前淨利率,股東權益報酬率-近10年
營業毛利率 YoY營業利益率 YoY折舊負擔比率 YoY稅前淨利率 YoY稅後淨利率 YoY股東權益報酬率 YoY資產報酬率 YoY總資產周轉率 YoYEBITDA利潤率 YoY財務槓桿 YoY本業收入比 YoY業外獲益比 YoY無形資產佔總資產比 YoY用人費用率 YoY
2022 (10)7.68-59.66-14.0001.30-68.83-14.010-13.920-8.190-4.6000.37236.36-10.39054.28-10.07100.00-66.67-0.0000.00014.52-72.24
2021 (9)19.04-25.65-51.0904.17-41.67-16.380-16.240-2.830-1.2600.11266.67-4.17060.368.78300.00266.92-200.0000.00052.31-51.48
2020 (8)25.61644.48-942.2907.146703.57-1152.360-1145.460-116.600-36.3500.03-98.89-1085.71055.49-85.3181.76-63.6618.2400.000107.819036.44
2019 (7)3.44-2.551.42-16.470.10109.760.61-15.280.53-30.268.06-40.034.17-8.152.71-4.581.947.78377.64-30.6225.00-7.35-125.0000.0001.182.61
2018 (6)3.53-11.311.70-22.370.05-6.060.72-60.00.76-52.513.44-59.634.54-40.112.84-14.971.80-32.33544.149.66242.86101.39-142.8600.0001.155.5
2017 (5)3.987.572.1925.140.05-27.61.80275.01.60263.6433.29299.647.5894.863.34-7.992.6690.0496.21-11.03120.59-69.85-20.5900.0001.09-11.38
2016 (4)3.70-12.741.7500.07-63.80.4800.4412.828.3381.883.8949.043.6331.051.4072.84557.73106.36400.00-73.33-283.3300.0001.23-67.2
2015 (3)4.24-50.06-2.9900.20-95.63-0.3000.3904.5802.6102.77477.080.810270.27-52.431500.001400.0-1300.0000.0003.75-93.17
2014 (2)8.49-68.42-85.4304.65-47.29-85.530-84.700-155.330-39.0800.4833.33-74.420568.13282.79100.00-2.13-0.0000.00054.89-51.56
2013 (1)26.880-138.8008.8247.06-135.410-135.410-98.180-48.6100.36-23.4-114.710148.4298.03102.174.0-2.1700.000113.3226.73

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